Anoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (AIE)
Every year thousands of children suffer brain damage as the result of near-drowning, choking, near-hanging,near-electrocution, cardiac arrest, cyanide and carbon monoxide poisoning. and lightning strikes. These incidents deprive areas of the brain of oxygen, causing an anoxic ischemic encephalopathy (AIE), which in severe cases results in coma. Swelling cuts off the brain's blood supply, leading to accumulation of toxic levels of cell wastes which further aggravate the swelling. HBOT can, at times, break this vicious cycle by constricting the brain's blood vessels, yet delivering more healing oxygen deep within the tissue to repair AIE damage.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Traumatic brain injuries can occur at birth, from shaken baby or battered child syndromes, or from falls, automobile and other accidents. Cerebral edema (swelling) and the rise of intracranial pressure (ICP) are the major problems associated with severe head injuries, causing delicate tissue to press against the unyielding skull. Studies have shown that HBOT initiated soon after acute closed head injuries can reduce mortality by more than 40%, and substantially increase the odds of complete recovery.
Defined as a state of profound unconsciousness, the most frequent causes of coma in children are near-drowning, choking or other AIE, traumatic brain injury, encephalopathy, meningitis, and general rupture of the brain vessels. A technique developed by Dr. Neubauer has had impressive initial results, and offers what may be the only hope for patients in long term care whose disease or injury has left them in a persistent vegetative state. Dr. Neubauer's research revealed the evidence that neurons may dwell in an idling state for years. With restored oxygen levels, the idle, lethargic brain cells can become normal again, regaining electrical activity. Dr. Neubauer reported an overall 50% success rate in the treatment of long term coma, with patients showing varying degrees of improvement up to and including returning to society.
If Stroke can occur even in pediatric patients, due to traumatic birth, umbilical cord around the neck, accidents, shaken baby syndrome or even vaccine reactions. Stroke is caused by a sudden loss of blood and oxygen to a specific area of the brain, which kills off a central core of brain cells. The cell death and swelling this causes further isolation of adjacent living cells from blood and oxygen, while the living cells also swell in a repeating cycle. These surrounding cells rather than the central core itself can cause much of the stroke patient's disability. If these marginal cells which are viable but not functioning can be revived with sufficient oxygen, substantial and sometimes dramatic recovery may result. Benefits of HBOT that can aid stroke recovery include relief of hypoxia (insufficient oxygen), cerebral edema and spasticity, extravascular diffusion of oxygen, and improvement of micro-circulation.